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历年真题:2019年4月自考00015英语(二)自学考试卷加参考答案

日期:2020-05-21  来源:广东自考网

   2019年4月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试

   英语(二) 试卷(课程代码00015)

  本试卷共8页。满分100分,考试时间150分钟。

  考生答题注意事项:

  1.本卷所有试题必须在答题卡上作答。答在试卷上无效,试卷空白处和背面均可作草稿纸。

  2.第一、二部分在"选择题答题区"作答。必须对应试卷上的题号使用2B铅笔将"答题卡的相应代码涂黑。

  3.第三一七部分在"非选择题答题区"作答。必须注明大、小题号,使用0.5毫米黑字迹签字笔作答。

  4.合理安排答题空间,超出答题区域无效。

  选择题区

  第一部分:阅读判断(第1~10题,每题1分,共10分)

  下面的短文列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。在答题卡相应位置上将答案涂黑。

  My Brother

  My brother is off at college, and at age 14, I miss him terribly. My brother is a rare kind of guy. He's smart and kind. And my friends say he's lovely. But it's how he handles things and how he treats his friends and his family that make me feel more proud.

  He applied to 14 colleges. He was accepted by all but one, the one he wanted, Brown University. So he took his second choice, and off he went to a first year. When he came home for summer vacation, he said he'd move to Rhode Island near Brown, find a job, and do whatever he could to become known in the area. He'd work his heart out and do his best at everything. Someone, he was sure, would notice. This was a big deal for my parents as it meant agreeing to a year without college. But they trusted him and encouraged him to do whatever he thought it would take to realize his dream.

  It wasn't long before he was hired as an amateur(业余的)play director at Brown. Now was his chance to shine, and he did. He put every bit of himself into the job. He met teachers and school officials, talked to everyone about his dream and never hesitated to tell them what he was after.

  And, sure enough, at the end of the year, when he reapplied to Brown, he was accepted.

  We were all happy, but for me the happiness went very deep. I had learned an important lesson--a lesson no one could have taught me with words. If I work hard for what I want, and if I keep trying after I've been turned down, my dreams can also come true. This is a gift I still hold in my heart.

  1.My brother had many good qualities.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  2.Only one university accepted my brother.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  3.My brother's first year at college was terrible.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  4.My brother would like to find a job in Rhode Island.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  5.My parents disagreed with my brother's plan.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  6.My brother took every opportunity to promote himself.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  7.My brother never told anyone what he was after.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  8.My brother applied to Brown University three times.

  A.True  B.False  B.False  C.Not Given

  9.My brother set a good example for me.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  10.I wanted to go to college, too.

  A.True  B.False  C.Not Given

  第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。

  Garlic(大蒜)

  Garlic has a long history of human use of over 7,000 years. It was originally grown in Asia. It finally made its way to Europe and South and North Americas in the 16th century. It rapidly spread to the world because it was easy to grow and could stay alive in poor conditions.

  Garlic has also long been used in medicine. Egyptians fed garlic to the slaves to keep up their strength and to defend against diseases. The Romans believed that garlic cured many diseases and helped heal wounds. Greeks gave garlic to athletes during the Olympic Games in order to increase their strength.

  More recently, garlic has been mentioned as being used as a treatment for battle wounds in both World Wars. In fact, even today people eat garlic for its supposed benefits. For example, many people eat garlic to help fight colds and coughs. Some even claim that garlic can help prevent high blood pressure and cancer.

  A different use for garlic in the past was to keep away bad spirits. In some countries, people believed that if they wore garlic around their necks, bad things would not enter their bodies. And if they hung garlic outside the doors of their homes, bad things would go away.

  Garlic is now grown everywhere in the world. China is the largest producer of garlic, followed by India, South Korea, Egypt and Russia. The popularity of garlic has increased over the years. It is now widely used in all types of cooking. Chinese dishes use garlic. Italian dishes include a lot of garlic, too. Garlic is now highly valued for its taste throughout the world.

  11.Garlic was first grown in_____.

  A.North America  B.South America  C.Europe  D.Asia

  12.Garlic was quickly accepted by people everywhere because it was_____.

  A.simple to cook  B.easy to grow  C.good for health  D.tasty in many dishes

  13.Ancient Greeks believed that garlic can help_____.

  A.cure many diseases  B.heal battle wounds

  C.increase body strength  D.keep people healthy

  14.Some ancient people hung garlic outside their doors to_____.

  A.frighten bad spirits  B.decorate their houses

  C.keep away insects  D.show their wishes

  15.The largest garlic grower in the world now is_____.

  A.Egypt  B.Korea  C.China  D.Russia

  第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16〜25题,每题1分,共10分)

  阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第16〜20题后所给的6个选项中为第①~⑤段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21〜25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  Easy Ways to Green up Your life

  ①Eating meat produces greenhouse gas emissions(排放). If you can't give up meet completely, you can reduce your consumption or give up beef. Don't eat out-of-season farm products. They are grown in greenhouses. A lot of energy goes into heating the greenhouses. And shipping such out-of-season farm products by air form remote places consumes huge amount of energy, too. Just look for local and in-season foods.

  ②Spend less time behind the wheel, cycle and walk more, and use public transport more. If you have to drive, the first thing is to choose a car that uses comparatively less fuel. Besides, stick to the speed limit, keep your tires properly filled with air, empty your trunk of heavy items, and accelerate and brake gently.

  ③Want to take a vacation trip by plane? Don't hurry. Think again. Air travel has a big impact on the environment compared with most other forms of travel. You have better choices. Consider having a vacation within driving distance. Of course, taking the train is the best choice.

  ④Think about how much "stuff" you own. A big part of emissions are linked to our consumption. To reduce it we need a change in consumption culture. Do we really need all the things we buy? And do we always need the newest one? Getting fewer things and making the ones you own last longer will reduce energy use.

  ⑤Your choices about heating and cooling your home are some of the most important things you can do in terms of cutting your greenhouse gas emissions. Keeping the temperature a little lower in the winter and higher in the summer can make a big difference.

  Task 1

  16.Paragraph①_____.

  A.Change your shopping habit  B.Drive less if possible  C.Take fewer air trips

  D.Use air-conditioning moderately  E.Take fewer vacations  F.Eat less meat and more in-season foods

  17.Paragraph②_____.

  A.Change your shopping habit  B.Drive less if possible  C.Take fewer air trips

  D.Use air-conditioning moderately  E.Take fewer vacations  F.Eat less meat and more in-season foods

  18.Paragraph③_____.

  A.Change your shopping habit  B.Drive less if possible  C.Take fewer air trips

  D.Use air-conditioning moderately  E.Take fewer vacations  F.Eat less meat and more in-season foods

  19.Paragraph④_____.

  A.Change your shopping habit  B.Drive less if possible  C.Take fewer air trips

  D.Use air-conditioning moderately  E.Take fewer vacations  F.Eat less meat and more in-season foods

  20.Paragraph⑤_____.

  A.Change your shopping habit  B.Drive less if possible  C.Take fewer air trips

  D.Use air-conditioning moderately  E.Take fewer vacations  F.Eat less meat and more in-season foods

  Task 2

  21.Eating beef can_____.

  A.from his car trunk  B.your room temperature  C.for a vacation trip

  D.increase greenhouse gas production  E.reduce energy use  F.your water consumption

  22.One is advised to remove heavy things_____.

  A.from his car trunk  B.your room temperature  C.for a vacation trip

  D.increase greenhouse gas production  E.reduce energy use  F.your water consumption

  23.One had better take a train_____.

  A.from his car trunk  B.your room temperature  C.for a vacation trip

  D.increase greenhouse gas production  E.reduce energy use  F.your water consumption

  24.Buying less is one way to_____.

  A.from his car trunk  B.your room temperature  C.for a vacation trip

  D.increase greenhouse gas production  E.reduce energy use  F.your water consumption

  25.To save energy, properly control_____.

  A.from his car trunk  B.your room temperature  C.for a vacation trip

  D.increase greenhouse gas production  E.reduce energy use  F.your water consumption

  第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,请将所选项对应的字母写在答题卡上。

  A lucky Pen

  "Mommy, I've got something for you!" George ran through the door after school one day. He waved something above his head. "See, it's a lucky pen!"_____(26)I looked at the pen in my head. There was nothing special about it. But I didn't realize how special it was at that moment.

  I had made the decision to pursue a career in writing. _____(27)I had dreamed about it for a long time but I was afraid to take a chance. I was scared of rejection.

  The night before, I had voiced those fears to my husband when I thought George wasn't listening. But George must have overheard us. Now he stood in front of me, watching me examine the pen. "You don't have to be scared now," he said. "This pen will make your stories great and everyone will love you." Tears filled my eyes. _____(28)Rejection didn't seem like such a big deal any more. Even if I never sold the first story, I had everything I could ever need. George in my life!

  I found out later how lucky I was when I heard what he did to get the pen. During lunch break at school that day, George heard a boy talking about a lucky pen he had. _____(29)The boy was a tough negotiator but George didn't give up. In the end, he traded his lunch, his favorite cartoon book, and his new football, his most prized possession for that pen. Just to make me feel better.

  _____(30)It never fails to remind me just how lucky I am! I am the luckiest mother in the world now and forever.

  26.26._____.

  A.He got it as a birthday gift.

  B.It was a decision full of fear and anxiety for me.

  C.He wanted to get it for me.

  D.He handed me the pen happily and proudly.

  E.I grabble him and pulled him tight against me.

  F.I still have that pen, though it’s long out of ink.

  27.27._____.

  A.He got it as a birthday gift.

  B.It was a decision full of fear and anxiety for me.

  C.He wanted to get it for me.

  D.He handed me the pen happily and proudly.

  E.I grabble him and pulled him tight against me.

  F.I still have that pen, though it’s long out of ink.

  28.28._____.

  A.He got it as a birthday gift.

  B.It was a decision full of fear and anxiety for me.

  C.He wanted to get it for me.

  D.He handed me the pen happily and proudly.

  E.I grabble him and pulled him tight against me.

  F.I still have that pen, though it’s long out of ink.

  29.29._____.

  A.He got it as a birthday gift.

  B.It was a decision full of fear and anxiety for me.

  C.He wanted to get it for me.

  D.He handed me the pen happily and proudly.

  E.I grabble him and pulled him tight against me.

  F.I still have that pen, though it’s long out of ink.

  30.30._____.

  A.He got it as a birthday gift.

  B.It was a decision full of fear and anxiety for me.

  C.He wanted to get it for me.

  D.He handed me the pen happily and proudly.

  E.I grabble him and pulled him tight against me.

  F.I still have that pen, though it’s long out of ink.

  第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题1.5分,共15分)

  下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,请将所选项对应的字母写在答题卡上。

  Young Readers, Tomorrow's Leaders?

  A new study has good news for kids with strong reading skills. Such kids will have high intelligence as they get _____(31). They will have a bright future.

  The study included 1,890 twins who did reading tests at_____(32)7 and 12, and an intelligence test at 16. The twins had the same genes(基因)and home environment. Therefore, the _____(33)between them had to be due to factors that they did not _____(34). For example, one had a better teacher than the other. Some kids did better on the reading_____(35)than their twin brother or sister. They_____(36)did better on the intelligence test. The reading skills _____(37) to enhanced intelligence were evident by age 7. This show that reading skills can_____(38)a child's intellectual development.

  The study also helps to_____(39)the differences among kids in the same family. They share genes, _____(40)conditions and parents. But they can be different in intelligence.

  31.31._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  32.32._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  33.33._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  34.34._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  35.35._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  36.36._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  37.37._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  38.38._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  39.39._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  40.40._____.

  A.also  B.differences  C.only  D.explain  E.tests  F.affect  G.ages

  H.living  I.share  J.older  K.related  L.interested

  第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题1.5分,共15分)

  下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Student Loans

  Federal Student Aid is an office providing (provide) student loans for higher education, The U.S. government knows the _____(41)(important)of higher education in positively _____(42)(impact) the nation. It makes sure that each _____(43)(qualify) student in America is able to get _____(44)(finance) help for higher education.

  Tough parents can choose private funding through _____(45)(bank), the interest rates can be _____(46)(excessive) high. On the other hand, the interest rates of federally funded student loans are much less in _____(47)(compare). It is, therefore, very important that parents take all steps _____(48)(require) to apply for student loans through the government.

  Federal Student Aid is involved in _____(49)(educate) students and their families on the exact procedures to get student loans. Once the applications are _____(50)(receive), it processes them before the start of each school year.

  41.41._____  42.42._____  43.43._____  44.44._____  45.45._____

  46.46._____  47.47._____  48.48._____  49.49._____  50.50._____

  第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)

  请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  51.某英文报社正在举办题为"Live a Healthy Life"的征文活动。请就此题目写一篇英文短文应征,内容包括:

  (1)什么是健康的生活方式?

  (2)你是怎么做到的?


      参考答案部分:

  1-5 、ABCAB  6-10、ABBAC  11-15、DBCAC  15-20、FBCAD  21-25、DACEB  26-30、DBECF

  31-35、JGBIE  36-40、AKFDH

  41、importance 42、 impacting 43、qualified 44、financial 45、banks

  46、 excessively 47、 comparison 48、required 49、educating 50、received

  51、【答案】There is a good saying that the body is the capital of revolution. As a student, we should pay more attention to healthy life. Here are some suggestions.

  First of all, to pay attention to a safe and healthy diet, eat less high-calorie fried food, balanced consumption of fruits and vegetables, which can also help lose weight. Secondly, try to ensure that you do not stay up all night, drink enough sleep every day, so as not to cause the problem of getting angry. Finally, take time to exercise, exercise can help digestion, and can also improve memory very well. Finally, I wish you all good health and learning progress.

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