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历年真题:2019年10月自考00015英语(二)自学考试卷加参考答案

日期:2020-05-19  来源:广东自考网

  2019 年 10 月髙等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试

  英语(二)试卷 (课程代码:00015)

  本试卷共 8 页,满分 100 分,考试时间 150 分钟。考生答卷前必须将自己的姓名和准考证号写在答题卡上。必须在答题卡上答题,写在试卷上的答案无效。

  第一部分:阅读判断(第 1〜10 题,每题 1 分,共 10 分)

  下面的短文后列出了 10 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择 B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择 C。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  To Lease(租赁) or Not to Lease

  Planning to lease a car because you don't think you can afford to buy? Thinkagain. Leasing can end up being just as expensive as buying.

  Most people think about leasing because they believe it will cost them less money. They're right-it is cheaper, but only in the short term. For example, if you were to lease anew Subaru Forester, you might pay $300 per month forthe car. If you were to buy the same car, you would pay about $400 per month. Over a three-year, you would save $3600-a big savings.But after your lease is over, you have to give the car back.

  Many people want to lease because they can drive a more expensive car than they might otherwise be able to afford. For example, if you spend $300 monthly on a car, you might be able to lease a new Ford Explorer.

  For the same price, you might have to buy a used Explorer, or buy a new but much less expensive model. A lease, therefore, allows you to drive the latest models of more expensive cars. However, whatever car you can afford to buy you get to keep it, and it will always have a resell or trade-in(以新旧换)value if you want to upgrade to a new car later.

  Furthermore, people who lease cars are often shocked by how much they must pay when the lease is over . Most leases limit you to a certain number of miles. If you go over that, you must pay for each mile. As a result, you may end up paying thousands of dollars in mileage(里程) fees. In addition, when you lease ,you have to pay for regular maintenance and repairs to the vehicle. Since you must return the car finally, you are paying to repair someone else's car.

  By now, the benefits of buying over leasing should be clear.Remember:whatever model you can afford to buy, it is yours after you make the payments. There's no giving back, and that makes all the difference.

  1. People usually think leasing a car can save money.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  2.Leasing a car costs less in the long term.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  3. More people like to lease cars than before.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  4. People can lease a car they cannot afford.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  5.Young people prefer to lease the latest models of cars.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  6. Ford Explorer is the most popular model in the leasing market.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  7. People often pay more than they expect for a lease.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  8.People need to pay for each mile they drive during the lease.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  9. Leasing companies pay for repairs to the leased cars.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  10.The author advises people to buy an affordable car.

  A. True   B. False  B. False

  第二部分:阅读选择(第 11〜15 题,每题 2 分,共 10 分)

  阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的 4 个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出 1 个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。

  Mental Illness Hits Small Business Owners Hard While there is a growing focus on mental health in the workplace, there are fewer resources and support available to those running small businesses.

  There are many reasons people choose to have their own business being their own boss, working on something they love, being able to set their own hours, or having some control over whom they work with.Yet the reality many small business owners face is far less attractive-financial stress, long working hoursand unclear boundaries between work and family life. And all of these factors can have a huge impact on their mental health.

  Leanne Fawkner is a business owner of an award-winning skin-care range(系列产品)She knows very well the impact that a small business can have on, the mental health of its owner.When her successful business struggled due to the global financial crisis, she suffered a lot mentally. "As business slowed, I was more and more affected, "she says. "I couldn't separate myself from my business. It was the worst experience of my life. I could no longer go to work and was crying all day ?”

  Fawkner was diagnosed with depression. She had to take several months off work. Fortunately, her husband was able to keep things going while Fawkner was recovering.She saw a counselor ( 咨 询 师 )for help and took part in a workplace mental health promotion program. This program was designed for small to medium business owners.

  "The stories on the DVD in the program were so helpful. I was crying because I didn't feel so alone. " For Fawkner, small business owners are overlooked.While employees in larger organizations often have access to employee assistance programs, small business owners are struggling on their own.

  11. One reason to have one's own business is that one can have more

  A. flexible working hours  B. support from others

  C. available resources  D. life experience

  12.A small business owner usually has

  A. a more colorful life  B. a bigger profit

  C. less stress from work  D. longer working time

  13. Fawkner's business ran into trouble because

  A. it was taken over by her husband  B. she had a serious mental problem

  C. it was hit by the financial crisis  D. she started a-mental health program

  14. Fawkner didn't feel so alone because

  A. she had her family around   B. she could watch DVD at work

  C. others had similar experiences   D. the counselor was helpful to her

  15. According to Fawkner, small business owners need more

  A. financial aid   B. technical knowledge

  C. management skills  D. mental health assistance

  第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第 16〜25 题,每题 1 分,共 10 分)

  阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的 2 项测试任务:(1)从第 16〜20 题后所给的6个选项中为第①〜④段每段选择 1 个正确的段落大意;(2)从第 21〜25 题后所给的 6 个选项中选择 5 个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  Secrets for a Happier You Some people are naturally blessed with a cheerful character. They spread warmth and sunshine wherever they go. They attract people like bees to honey. So what is it that makes these people so different from others?

  ①The most important secret to happiness is to be grateful for the good things in your life-whatever may be your financial position. Instead of appreciating material wealth, be thankful for the loved ones in your life and enjoy the littlepleasures of life that come your way.

  ②The next important secret is to develop relationships. Increasing social contacts helps boost brain power. Therefore, work towards improving your relationships and take time off to get in touch with friends. This will lift some burden off your shoulders, especially when you share your thoughts and feelings. Socializing can give you an added boost to your moods.

  ③Thirdly, do not hold a grudge(怨恨)against anyone. Instead, learn to be kind, generous, and forgiving towards others, even to the person who hurt you. Be sympathetic and understanding, and try not to criticize others. Focus on the positives of a person instead of the negatives, for none of us is born perfect. It will keep your heart and mind free and peaceful.

  ④ Besides, involve yourself in some creative process, " be it dancing, writing or drawing. This can bring out the hidden talent in you to achieve magical happiness. Or pick up new skills and feel the great sense of satisfaction by carrying out certain tasks which you otherwise would never have felt.

  ⑤Finally, follow a daily regular sleep-wake cycle to keep you energetic and happy. Exercise regularly or practice relaxation techniques like deep breathing and yoga(瑜伽). Ensure you get eight to nine hours of sleep every day and have a well-balanced diet.

  Task 1

  16. Paragraph①

  17. Paragraph②

  18. Paragraph③

  19. Paragraph④

  20. Paragraph⑤

  A. Help people in need

  B. Have a healthy lifestyle

  C. Do something creative

  D. Better your social relationships

  E. Be thankful for what you have

  F. Learn to understand and forgive

  Task 2

  21. A cheerful character makes you_____

  22. Enjoy the pleasures of life_____

  23. Socializing can make you_____

  24. Try to forgive_____

  25. Creative activities enable you_____

  A. more intelligent

  B. even if you are poor

  C. different from others

  D. even when you are hurt

  E. to develop you' potential

  F. to gain more material wealth

  第四部分:填句补文(第 26〜30 题,每题 2 分,共 10 分)

  下面的短文有 5 处空白,短文后有 6 个句子,其中 5 个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  Cultural Differences in England and France Cultural differences can take many forms. I have noticed many differences in French culture compared to English culture, from the way people dress, to their attitudes towards food, to what they do for fun. One thing that has struck me in particular in France is personal interactions with each other. 26

  Firstly, it's the kissing. Everyone kisses each other on the cheek. It's a greeting,instead of saying "hi" or "hello " 27 Everyone participates in the kissing ritual,the young, the old, male, female, strangers and friends. I kiss my friends. I kiss the teachers at the school. And even if I'm in a hurry, I am still expected to make time to give acquaintances a quick kiss on the cheek as I rush past. I don't mind it. 28 It quickly turns strangers into acquaintances, and acquaintances into friends.

  Another thing that I've noticed is that people France are much more open with people they don't know. 29 In France, however, on long train journeys people have often started a conversation with me for no reason. They have a chat simply to pass the time. And I really enjoy being able to share a part of my life and my story with someone else.

  Whatever impressions you may have about French people, I have found that they are, for the most part, open and at ease talking to strangers 30

  A. In fact, I quite like it. B. They differ a lot from those in the UK. C. Often the kiss is a substitute for words. D. This makes me more comfortable with them too. E. Britons often greet each other with hugs and kisses. F. In England, you talk to a stranger only if completely necessary. 第五部分:填词补文(第 31〜40 题,每题 1.5 分,共 15 分)

  下面的短文有 10 处空白,短文后列出 12 个词,其中 10 个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  Success for 99 Cents How do you sell things in a time when the economy is down and people just don't want to 31 ? Try the 99 cent approach.

  Steve Jobs, former 32 of Apple Computers, tried it and 33 saved the music industry. He 34 a standard price of 99 cents for each song that he wanted to sell on iTunes and built a successful music download company.

  In the 1960s, Dave Gold 35 a store that sold alcoholic drinks in southern California. He sold wine in three 36 categories: $0.79,$0.99 and $1.49. when he saw that the 99 cent wine did best, he started selling the other two at the same price and sales went up. In 1982, he started 37 99 cent stores across the US. Today the company is 38 almost 500 million dollars and has 280 shops.

  Why does a 99 cent price tag( 标 签 )make so much success? Researchers have found out that the price ending with .99 shows a 39 price for consumers.It looks less and consumers 40 feel that they can get something back.

  A. owned  B. market  C. set  D. worth  E. finally  F. several  G. buy  H. usually  I. boss  J. sell  K. lower  L. price

  第六部分:完形补文(第 41〜50 题,每题 1. 5 分,共 15 分)

  下面的短文有 10 处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Learning From Mistakes

  Lots of people dare not make mistakes (mistake). They fear they will be laughed at or 41 (blame)by others. They fear they will lose their money and 42(belonging) or be under heavy stress. But risks are 43 (possible)to avoid and they do pave the way towards success. Have you ever 44 (hear) of anyone who achieves success without making any mistakes?

  So it is only 45 (nature) that making mistakes should be considered a must. You shouldn't worry about that as you 46 (probable)get lots of advantages out of your mistakes. By making mistakes, you can at least distinguish between the correct and the 47 (correct) parts of what you did. Robert Stevenson once. Said:“Our business in life is not to be 48 (success), but to continue to fail in good spirits”

  You needn't worry about anything as long as you keep on going by 49(wise)learning from your mistakes and 50 (try)even harder.

  第七部分:短文写作(第 51 题,30 分)

  请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇 120 词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  51. 某英文报社正在举办题为“ Green Transportation”的征文活动,请你根据下述写作要点提交一篇英文短文应征。

  ●你怎样理解绿色出行  ●你会选择哪种绿色方式  ●给出理由

  参考答案:(仅供参考)

  第一部分

  1-5ABCAC 6-10CABBA

  第二部分

  11-15ADCDD

  第三部分

  16-20EDFCB 21-25 CBADE

  第四部分

  26-30 DCAFB

  第五部分

  31-35GIECA 36-40FJDKH

  第六部分

  41. blamed  42.belongings  43.impossible  44.heard  45.natural  46.probably  47.incorrect  48.successful  49.wisely  50.trying

  第七部分

  Recently the topic of green travel has been widely debated which has aroused public attention and has been more and more popular with people. To some extent, it has become a fashion. Undoubtedly, green travel has a pround impact on both enviroment and social, for its significance cannot be denied.

  Green travel, especially public transport, makes a positive contribution to the environment and society. On one hand, public transport has the potential to reduce transport CO 2 emissions, which is a major contributor to local air pollution and smog. In this sense, green travel makes the environment clean and gives people a healthy living environment. On the other hand, public transport plays an important role in reducing the social costs of transport include traffic jam and time taken away from the family while commuting and vulnerability to fuel price increases.

  We have only one world we can live in. I hope through green travel can we protect the enviroment and save resources. In my opinion, no matter where we go, we are supposed to choose green travel. If you are near to the place which you go to, you can go there on foot or by bicycle. In this way can we protect our environmen and keep fit. If you are far away from it, you can choose going there by bus or by taxi with your friends.

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