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历年真题:2014年10月自考《英语(二)》试卷及答案(二)

日期:2020-07-19  来源:广东自考网

第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)
 
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并将所选答案的代码(指A、B、C、D、E或F)填在答题纸的相应位置上。
 
Fruit
 
Imagine a world without fruit.We wouldn’t be very healthy.We get a lot of important vitamins from eating fruit.
 
We think of fruit primarily as something to eat.26 Fruit is part of a flowering plant and it carries the seeds.The purpose of fruit is to protect a plant's seeds and help them get spread about.Wind and water spread seeds.So do animals when they eat fruit and drop the seeds.27 There are two main types of fruit fleshy and dry.Fleshy fruits are soft and juicy.Pears,bananas and apples are all fleshy fruits.28 Grains like wheat and rice,or nuts like chestnuts(板栗),are dry fruits.
 
But wait You’ve eaten oranges and grapes without seeds.How can they be fruits?It's because people have changed the way they grow fruit.They can now grow seedless fruit.Seedless fruit comes from special plants that are made by combining two varieties of a fruit to form a new variety.These special plants grow and produce seeds.29 These plants cannot reproduce themselves.They can make fruit,but the fruit has no seeds.
 
Fruits are a source of substances that keep us alive and healthy.So people make use of fruits for many foods.We make juices from them.We make jams and sweets.30 Beer comes from grains and wine comes from grapes,and some particular wines are made from apples,peaches,or other fruits.
 
A.Dry fruits are thin and hard.
 
B.We even make alcohol from fruit.
 
C.But fruit has a purpose quite apart from our needs.
 
D.So these plants produce fleshy fruits.
 
E.Then the seeds grow into new plants.
 
F.But the plants grown from these seeds are seedless.
 
第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题1.5分,共15分)
 
下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并将所选答案的代码(指A、B、C、D、E、F、G、H、I、J、K或L)填在答题纸的相应位置上。
 
Mental Activities Help Save Memory
 
Doing mental activities is helpful.Reading books and writing at any age may save memory,a new 31 finds.
 
The study was conducted by some American neurologists(神经病学家).It 32 294 people.They were given 33 on memory and thinking.They had the tests once a year for six years.They were also asked to talk about their mental activities during childhood,in their youth,during middle age and at their 34 age.
 
Some of those people did mental activities both 35 and late in life.They had a slower 36 of decline in memory than the others.The others 37 did such activities.Their rate of decline in memory was 48%38.
 
“Mental activities like reading and writing are great.They 39 bring benefits.We shouldn’t 40 their effects on our children,ourselves and our parents,"said Robert Wilson,lead author of the study.

 
第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题1.5分,共15分)
 
下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。
 
Labor Market Decline
 
The decline of the labor market is easy to misinterpret(interpret).There are many reasons for that.During the 1970s,large numbers of women and young adults 41(bear)during the baby boom entered into the work force.That 42(result)in too many workers for the jobs available and depressed wages.The decline also has something to do with the explosive 43(grow)in world trade since 1960.As 44.(manufacture)technologies have become more mobile,production jobs have 45(move)from the U.S.to countries where wages are low.In 46(add),technology itself has helped to cause the shifts in the job market.For example,47(few)American workers are needed to make steel today than in the past,because new 48(machine)have made many of their tasks 49(necessary).Finally,the high rate of 50(employment)caused by these factors has tended to drive wages down further.
 
笫七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)
 
请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英语短文。并将短文写在答题纸相应的位置上。
 
51.



自考真题答案:


第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)
 
26.C 27.E 28.A 29.F 30.B
 
26.[解析]空格后的两句话意思为“果实是开花植物的一部分,也承载着种子。果实的目的是保护植物的种子并帮助传播种子”,与这两句话的意思紧密衔接的就是选项C,意思是“果实有一个目的不同于我们的需要”。故选C。
 
27.[解析]空格前的一句话意思为“动物吃完果实留下种子”,与这句话的意思紧密衔接的就是选项E,意思是“然后种子长成新的植物”。故选E。
 
28.[解析]空格后的一句话意思为“像小麦、大米这样的谷物和板栗这样的坚果都是干果”,与这句话的意思紧密衔接的就是选项A,意思是“干果又小又硬”,与前面两句话形成对比。故选A。
 
29.[解析]空格后的两句话意思为“这些植物能结果实,但果实没有种子,不能再长出植物”,这说明这种种子长出来的植物是无籽的。选项F是后面两句的总结,最符合题意。故选F。
 
30.[解析]空格后的一句话意思为“啤酒由谷物酿造,葡萄酒由葡萄酿造,一些特别的酒由苹果、桃子或其他果实酿造”,这说明我们可以用果实酿酒。选项B是后面一句的总结,最符合题意。故选B。
 
第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题1.5分,共15分)
 
31.G 32.1 33.B 34.H 35.A 36.K 37.C 38.E 39.L 40.J
 
31.[解析]由空前的形容词new和空后的动词finds可知,空格处需要填一个名词作主语。再由下文的the study可知,空格处需要填study。故选G。
 
32.[解析]由空前的it可知,空格处需要填一个动词作谓语。根据本句句意,这里表示该项研究有294个人参与。故选I。
 
33.[解析]由空前的谓语动词were given和空后的介词on可知,空格处需要填一个名词。再由下文的tests可知,空格处需要填tests。故选B。
 
34.[解析]由空后的名词age可知,空格处需要填一个形容词。根据本句句意,这里表示参与研究的人员被要求去讨论他们在童年、青年、中年以及目前年龄的智力活动。故选H。
 
35.[解析]由空前后的both和and可知,空格处需要填一个形容词和后面的late构成并列结构。根据本句句意,这里表示一些参与研究的人员做了早期和晚期的智力活动。故选A。
 
36.[解析]由空前的形容词slower和空后的介词of可知,空格处需要填一个名词。a slower rate of decline意为“较缓慢的下降率”。故选K。
 
37.[解析]该句结构完整,空格处需要填一个副词。根据上一句句意,这里表示其他的人员很少做这样的智力活动。故选C。
 
38.[解析]由空前的系动词was可知,空格处需要填一个表语。根据本句句意,这里表示很少参与智力活动的人的记忆下降的比率比经常参加智力活动的人的比率高48%。故选E。
 
39.[解析]该句结构完整,空格处需要填一个副词。根据本句句意,这里表示智力活动真的会带来益处。故选L。
 
40.[解析]由空前的shouldn't可知,空格处需要填一个动词。根据本句句意,这里表示我们不应该忽视智力活动对我们的孩子、我们自己以及我们的父母的影响。故选J。
 
第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题1.5分,共15分)
 
41.born 42.resulted 43.growth 44.manufacturing 45.moved
 
46.addition 47.fewer 48.machines 49.unnecessary 50.unemployment
 
41.[解析]由空前的名词women and young adults可知,空格处需要填一个动词的过去分词作后置定语修饰前面的名词。动词bear的过去分词形式为born。故答案为born。
 
42.[解析]由空前的指示代词that可知,空格处需要填一个动词,作句子的谓语。该句的时态为一般过去时,动词result需加上“-ed”。故答案为resulted。
 
43.[解析]由空前的形容词explosive可知,空格处需要填一个名词。动词grow的名词形式为growth。故答案为growth。
 
44.[解析]由空后的名词technologies可知,空格处需要填一个形容词,与technologies构成“制造业技术”。动词manufacture的形容词形式为manufacturing。故答案为manufacturing。
 
45.[解析]由空前的助动词have可知,空格处需要填一个动词的过去分词。动词move的过去分词形式为moved。故答案为moved。
 
46.[解析]由空前的介词in可知,空格处需要填一个名词。动词add的名词形式为addition。in addition为固定搭配,意为“除此之外”。故答案为addition。
 
47.[解析]由空后的than可知,空格处需要填一个形容词的比较级。few的比较级为fewer。故答案为fewer。
 
48.[解析]由空前的形容词new和空后的谓语动词have made可知,空格处需要填一个名词复数形式。名词machine的复数形式为machines。故答案为machines。
 
49.[解析]由空前的名词tasks可知,空格处需要填一个形容词作后置定语修饰前面的名词。根据句意,新的机器使很多体力劳动变得没有必要。故答案为unnecessar。
 
50.[解析]由空前的介词of可知,空格处需要填一个名词。根据句意,这些因素导致的高失业率使工资进一步下降。故答案为unemployment。
 
第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)
 
51.
 
My Hobby
 
Everyone has hobbies because they are very important in our life.I also have hobbies.Now let me tell you my hobbies.Exercise is one of my hobbies.The more exercise I do,the healthier I will be.After class I usually play badminton with my friends,and after dinner,I often go out for a walk with my sister.Sometimes I play ping-pong,too.So I think I have a wonderful life.Reading is another hobby of mine.On weekends,l love reading some novels,such as Jan.e Eyre,Gone with the Wind and so on.Reading can help me learn more about the world and give me a lot of happiness.I think it is very important to have good hobbies.

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